Web Page Guide for Personal Accounts
If you have no experience or are unfamiliar to the HTML language you can get on-line information via The Beginners Guide to HTML.
Here are a few of the many plain text / HTML extensions editors you can use: *
|*||You are not restricted to list. You can use any editor that you are comfortable with, as long as it saves the document in a plain text format. Word processing programs, such as, Wordperfect and Microsoft Word, can be used as long as you save the file in plain text with a *.htm or *.html extension.|
|**||Network/UNL accounts do not come with a Unix shell on the Internet Nebraska system. These Unix based editors should be available on the server that houses your email account.|
Once you have decided on your medium for creating your web page, you should create an HTML document entitled index.htm. The index.htm document is the first page that everyone will see when they come to your URL. You can create different documents, for different pages, and link them up via the index.htm file. Once you have created your HTML files and are ready to post them up on the server, you will want to upload the files to the pubhtml directory on your account.
If you have your HTML documents stored on your home PC, there are a wide variety of FTP programs available for every operating system. However, the information you provide the program remains consistent. Here is a list of the information you will need to provide:
Upon successful log in with the FTP program, be sure to change to your pubhtml directory before you begin any uploads. Files that are not placed in the pubhtml directory will not be visible to the web server, and will not show up on any web browser.
Changing Directories with FTP or related programs
Most FTP related programs will provide you a "Change Directory" option. If you are using the Unix based FTP program, you can switch into your pubhtml directory by typing cd pubhtml at the prompt. Macintosh, Windows, or any other users using a GUI (Graphical User Interface), do not need to worry about this command. The GUI programs available for Macintosh and Windows, should provide you a listing of what's stored in your home directory. Remember, you need to perform your uploads in your pubhtml directory. You can usually change into this directory by clicking on "pubhtml" (if the program allows you to do that), or by find ing the "Change Directory" option, and typing in pubhtml.
Uploading the files into your pubhtml directory
Uploading files is relatively simple. Uploading the files in the proper format is a different issue. GUI FTP programs are easy to use compared to it's Unix counterpart. GUI FTP programs, in most cases, will transfer the file in the proper format for you, whereas, in Unix, you will need to specify the formats. There two primary formats, binary and ASCII. The binary format should be used when you are uploading images (i.e. jpg's and gif files), sound files, movie files, programs, or virtually any executable file. ASCII format should be chosen for your HTML documents, letters, emails, and any files that have nothing but text in them. Make sure you know what format to use. Uploading files in the wrong format will cause them not to appear properly on the web page. Luckily, for most of our users, the GUI FTP programs will properly do the decision making for you.
For our users using the Unix FTP, after you have successfully logged in, the format is automatically defaulted to ASCII mode. You can switch modes prior to uploading by typing bin at the prompt for binary mode. To switch back to ASCII mode, you type a at the prompt.
The actually tranfer process is simple using a GUI FTP program. In most cases, you can click or highlight the file you want to upload and the program will upload into your account.
If you are using the Unix FTP, you can place files into your account by typing put filename at the prompt. Wildcards can also be used by typing mput * at the prompt.
Windows 9x/ME/2000/XP/Vista FTP Programs
Windows 9x FTP Programs
Windows 3.1x FTP Programs
Macintosh FTP Programs
Using telnet to access your Unix shell***
Telnet allows you to access your Unix shell from home or from a remote site. Most telnet programs require that you provide the remote host that you wish to connect to. For our system, the remote host is shell.inebraska.com. Most GUI telnet programs will ask you for this information so have it handy. Simply supply the remote host and the program will connect to the server you want.
Windows 98/ME/2000 users can just click on the start menu and select 'Run'. Then you can type in telnet shell.inebraska.com.
For unix based telnet programs, or using telnet from a remote Unix system, you would type at the prompt:
After you have connected to our server, it will prompt you for a Login. Here you will need to specify your user name ****. Then the system will ask you for your password. If the information is correct then you will be prompted for a terminal emulation that you wish to choose. For most of our users, the default should work fine. Just simply hit the enter key on your keyboard and continue on. The next screen you will see will be the Internet Nebraska Menu Interface. From the menu, you will select the option for the Unix Shell. This will bring you into your home directory. You will need to change into your pubhtml directory to modify any files that deals with your web page. You can do this by typing the following command at the prompt:
Once you are into your pubhtml you are ready to change the file permission to your HTML documents.
Windows 95 Telnet Programs
Windows 3.1x Telnet Programs
Macintosh Telnet Programs
|***||Internet Nebraska runs a secure server. Telnet access is not allowed from all remote locations. Our valid users can email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and request that the host and domain that you are trying to te lnet in from be allowed access to our server.|
|****||Your user name should not have the capital P in front of it when trying to access the Unix Shell. The capital P is used for dial in purposes when you are requesting a PPP connection only!!!!|
Setting the file permissions
We can write another long page concerning file permissions and what they mean, but rather then boring you with details, we'll just tell you what to set them to. If you are having access errors, permissions errors, or your image does not show up , you should type the following command, at the prompt, while you are in your pubhtml directory:
chmod -R a+rX *
Referencing images and other HTML documents
Another common error that will not allow your web page to function properly is referencing the correct name of an image or another HTML document in the parent document. Unix is a case sensitive operating system, therefore, the names of the documents or images that you are referencing to must match the file in your pubhtml directory to the letter. If the parent document does not have the matching file name then it will not function properly. You can show a listing of the files in your pubhtml directory by typing ls at the prompt.
These are the most common problems that we at Internet Nebraska have noticed. We are aware that there are a wide variety of problems that you may encounter, especially if you program a more advanced HTML document. This document is written for our novice users and those having minor difficulties with their web page. Back to the top